Allergies are a common ailment in children. It has been found that one in four children in the US has allergies of one or more kinds. Children, who sneeze and cough a lot, have frequent bouts of stomach aches or nausea or develop a rash, redness or skin irritation due to food or external environment, are known to have allergies. Substances, which cause allergies, are known as allergens, such as food, pollens, dust, medicines and others. If left unattended, allergies can aggravate and become chronic ailments for life. It can lead to serious conditions like sinus or asthma.
Allergies and associated symptoms also make the child uncomfortable and cranky. Repeated allergy attacks weaken the immune system of your child and make him/her more prone to other diseases.
What Can Cause Allergies?
The exact source of a particular allergy is difficult to assess. Some of the very common allergy triggers are:
- Food: eggs, certain vegetables, peanut or milk products. It has been seen that around 6 million children suffer from some kind of food allergy.
- Outdoors: pollen, smoke, insect bites. School can be a major source of allergy in small children.
- Indoors: dust, animal fur
- Others: perfume, car exhaust, cigarette smoke
Skin and ear allergies can also be caused by chlorine water or other things, which might be difficult to diagnose at times.
What Are The Symptoms Of Allergy?
The common symptoms of allergy include:
- Frequent cough and cold, runny nose
- Skin rashes and irritation with itching, redness (atopic dematiti or eczema)
- Breathing troubles
- Diarrhea or stomach problems
How To Deal With Allergies?
The first thing to do, if you notice any allergy in your child is to relieve him/her from the initial pain or discomfort. Do not ignore the symptoms and check with your doctor or your allergist as soon as possible. The right medication is very important at the right time as it could get worse. Always keep your child close to you, avoid outdoors for some time and keep a close check on your child’s diet. Make him/her drink loads of water. In case you have pets at home, keep a safe distance from them, while your child is suffering or recovering from allergies.
As mentioned earlier, school can be a major reason for your kid getting allergies. It is best to inform the school authorities if your child is suffering from some allergy, so that they know the symptoms and call you in an emergency. This will also help you as a parent to know if any other kid has allergies and you can take necessary precaution for your kid.
If your child suffers from a particular allergy very frequently, then you are well aware of the symptoms. So, take precautions and keep medication handy. However, do not give your child any medication or try remedies without the doctor’s consent as this could further aggravate the problem.
Allergy is quite an irritating and painful thing for small children as they tend to become weak and lead to irritability and crankiness. So, talk to your child and stay close to comfort them, whenever they need your love and care.